Learning techniques for exam preparation

Everyone learns differently

In the technical language, one speaks of 4 different types of exam preparation. That means: Your preferred access to knowledge depends on what kind of learning type you belong to. Knowing your learning type is therefore a decisive criterion for success for anyone who wants to pass final exams or study something new ( take our free learning type test here ). Buy Essay Online essay writing company.

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4 types of learning overview

You should also try out which memory and learning techniques (so-called mnemonics ) work best for you. Here is a selection of the most commonly used learning methods and techniques:


Fundamental for the exam preparation: With texts and new content, focus on understanding the connections and statements.

First, ignore all the details and numbers and just focus on principles and structure. Look up the incomprehensible. Details are then the icing on the cake that rounds off your understanding.

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Loci or route method

If you want to remember as much as possible, a large apartment is an advantage of this technique. For this, you take a tour of your four walls. For starters, select ten prominent points that you repeat over and over again in the same order. This can be your TV as well as your bed or your favorite picture.

In the next step, associate the terms of numbers that you want to memorize with the points from your apartment by again coming up with unusual pictures. Proceed step by step. If you want to remember the dates later, all you have to do is walk the route through your apartment in your mind’s eye. This not only works with your apartment but also with the way to work, for example.

substitute word method

This technique is particularly helpful when learning foreign words or vocabulary, but names can also be memorized in this way. The new words that you want to remember are linked to an already familiar term that has a similar sound. For example, ask yourself what the word reminds you of.

Take, for example, the English word “mice”. When you pronounce it, it almost sounds like the German word “Mais”. Now imagine a living picture with mice and corn. Imagine a small group of gray mice nibbling on a huge cob of corn. Effect: The next time you ask yourself what mice are called in English, the picture comes to mind – and with it the English term. The more similar the replacement term sounds in your native language, the stronger the effect.

alphabet method

In the alphabet method, the letters of the alphabet serve as ordering features. They provide associations for terms or ideas that you want to memorize. To do this, write the letters of the alphabet vertically on a piece of paper.

Then assign a picture to each letter, for example, a book for the letter B. For example, buy essay online cheap if you need to remember the concept of relativity, imagine Albert Einstein reading a book. Such images are easy to remember.


The classic of exam preparation: Repeat the content to be learned as often as necessary until you can reproduce it confidently. The criticism of this method is obvious:

While blunt repetition can work with pure factual knowledge, it is time-consuming and not very effective. In combination with or as a supplement to other learning methods, however, repetition can make sense.


This somewhat complex but effective way comes from the American educator Francis Robinson. SQR3 is suitable for editing complex scientific texts. In the beginning, you only read the table of contents and the headings (survey). Then you make hypotheses about what the text could be about and write down all the questions you want to have an answer to after reading (Question).

The third phase consists of reading the text, you should proceed thoroughly and work with markings and comments (Read). Then summarize the text section by section (Recite). Finally, present the content of the text (review).

learning history

There are two methods here: The first seems a bit weaker, but it is a real story. For example, your friend tells you how difficult it was to get the sequence of digits 290968, which is important to him because that is his date of birth. The second variant is a classic memo technique:

To do this, divide the sequence of digits into sections for which you can remember terms that are very present to you. You could remember the number 3210072412 like this: “3-2-1 Meins” is the eBay slogan, 007 is James Bond’s code, 2412 is the Christmas date. So instead of 3210072412 remember: “eBay, Bond, X-Mas”. Or an abstruse story: “James Bond buys presents for Christmas on eBay.” The more absurd the story, the better the memory effect.

Numbers Symbol System

This technique is particularly useful for memorizing sequences of numbers. But it is more complex than the others because at the beginning you assign a specific symbol to each number from 0 to 9. Some like to use a swan for the 2, a bar stool for the 3, or an hourglass for the 8, and so on. You must visualize and memorize the image in your mind’s eye.

If you’re having trouble with a particular number and symbol combination, it’s best to choose another symbol that you can more easily associate with that number. So if you want to store the number 239,628,467, first think about the symbols you chose for each digit. Now let your imagination run wild and make up a weird story with the symbols. The crazier, the more memorable. Your story could start with a swan (2) sitting on a barstool (3). And so forth.

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