What is Vitiligo?
If you know someone who has been diagnosed with vitiligo or has a condition you would like to know about this autoimmune disorder. Vitiligo is the name given to loss of pigment in the skin, hair, and even the color of the eyes.
What causes pigmentation?
Melanin is a compound involved in the production of pigment, and when the production of melanin ceases, it begins to lose its pigment. Doctors have several theories about how and why this happens, but there is no concrete evidence as to the cause of vitiligo. The main theories are:
Autoimmune – Autoimmune diseases begin to attack their own healthy tissues and cells. During this attack, the body reacts in different ways depending on the condition. In vitiligo, the immune system begins to attack melanocytes, the cells involved in the production of melanin, and when the melanin levels drop, the color begins to fade. Some people with vitiligo also have other autoimmune disorders.
Autotoxicity – If the cause is autotoxic, it means that the melanocytes produce toxic substances that impair their ability to produce melanin. The result is the same as an autoimmune disease that causes pigmentation.
Neurons – The body produces a variety of chemicals, and some neurochemicals, such as norepinephrine, are toxic to melanocytes and can stop or limit melanin production.
These are some possible causes of vitiligo, but some patients experience the onset of the disorder after traumatic events that result in injuries or psychological consequences, such as chemical or burns.
Autoimmune diseases are still not fully understood, and why the body starts to turn itself on is still being studied. Over 80 different types of autoimmune diseases have been described, affecting 8% of the world’s population and are dominated by women. Vitiligo affects both genders and all races with equal frequency.
Get a diagnosis
White spots or spots that are less colored than other parts of the body do not automatically mean that you have vitiligo. Many conditions, chemicals, and even sun exposure can cause temporary skin color loss. If the patch does not improve, see a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis. A wood lamp or blood test is used to accurately diagnose vitiligo. Vitiligo occurs at any time, but most often occurs before the age of 20.
There are many treatment options. Once you’ve found the best treatment option, you should choose your treatment based on the type of vitiligo and your quality of life. Vitiligo has no physical effect other than loss of pigment and is close to a mental state, so the importance of quality of life cannot be overlooked. As with all ailments, you will hear vitiligo treatment through lotions, potions and technical equipment. In fact, people have completely cured vitiligo without explanation, and people who completely change their diet and mindset have very good results. The most important information to get from your doctor is that you have a choice and can beat vitiligo. If you have a negative doctor, find a positive one.
Treatment options include:
- Topical medications – steroids and vitamin D.
- Systemic drugs – steroids and psoralen
- Phototherapy excimer laser, narrowband UVB laser, etc.
- Surgical skin transplantation and melanocyte transplantation
- Depigmentation – When vitiligo affects most skin, pigmented skin becomes white.
- Use gastrointestinal cosmetics to adapt to the areas affected by vitiligo.
- Alternative therapy – using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Ayurvedic therapy, and other non-traditional methods
- Counseling and supportive therapy to learn coping mechanisms and the psychological effects of vitiligo
If you have vitiligo, it is very important to find the right doctor. As mentioned earlier, the positive attitude of the doctor is worth repeating, as it can go a long way in not only overcoming vitiligo, but also treating it.
Although the psychological effects of vitiligo can be debilitating, it is important to remember that you can recover from the disease. You need to change your mind and think positively about life. Doctors do not know who or how vitiligo develops or why some people recover. You must know that you are better, so under no circumstances should you give up hope.
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