Terms You Should Know if You’re Going To Invest in the Stock Market

When it comes to investing, there are a lot of options out there. You can invest in stocks, bonds, real estate, and a variety of other options. However, when it comes to the stock market, there are some key terms you need to know. Keep reading to learn more about what these terms are and what they mean.

EFT Screeners

An EFT screener is a tool used to help investors find stocks that meet their specific criteria. EFT screeners allow you to filter through the thousands of options on the stock market to find those that match your investment goals. You can search by company size, sector, price, and more. Screeners are especially useful for new investors who may not have the time or knowledge to vet each individual stock themselves. By using a screener, you can narrow down your options to a manageable number and then do further research on the ones that interest you. This can save you time and money in the long run.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are a type of investment that pools money from a lot of investors and invests it in stocks, bonds, and other securities. These are managed by professionals, who decide which securities to buy and sell to try to make a profit for the investors. These funds can be a great way for investors to get exposure to a lot of different securities without having to buy and sell them themselves. They can also be a way to invest in a particular type of security, like stocks or bonds, without having to invest in individual companies or bonds.

Expense Ratio

The expense ratio is one of the most important factors to consider when investing in stocks. This term refers to the percentage of a fund’s assets that are used to cover its annual operating expenses. These expenses can include management fees, administrative costs, and other expenses such as marketing and distribution fees.

It is important because it affects the overall return on investment. Funds with a higher expense ratio will have a smaller return than funds with a lower expense ratio. This is because a higher percentage of the fund’s assets are used to cover expenses, leaving less money to be reinvested and grow over time. When choosing a stock fund, it is important to compare the expense ratios of different funds. You should also be aware of how these ratios have changed over time. Funds that have had consistently high expense ratios in the past may not be the best choice for your portfolio.



Benchmarking is the process of comparing the performance of a particular investment against a predetermined standard. In the world of finance, the most common benchmark is an index such as the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones Industrial Average. When an investor or analyst talks about a “benchmarking stock,” they are referring to a security that is being used as a yardstick to measure the performance of other investments.

One of the most important benefits of benchmarking is that it can help investors identify undervalued or overvalued stocks. For example, if Company A’s stock is outperforming the S&P 500 by a wide margin, it may be considered overvalued, while a company whose stock is underperforming the S&P 500 by a wide margin may be considered undervalued.

Risk Tolerance

Risk tolerance can be defined as an investor’s willingness to accept risk in order to potentially achieve a higher return. This willingness to accept risk can be measured in a number of ways, including the amount of money an investor is willing to lose on a single investment. Investors with a higher risk tolerance may be more likely to invest in stocks, which are generally considered to be riskier than other types of investments, such as bonds. Investors who are more risk-averse may prefer to invest in more conservative options, such as bonds or money market accounts.

Overall, it is important to be familiar with the terms used in the stock market in order to make informed investment decisions. While there are many terms to learn, some basic understanding of key concepts can help you get started.