You can choose to print on cotton fabric using many methods. These methods include hand block printing, dye sublimation, transfer printing and digital printing. This article will go over the basic steps of printing on cotton fabric. If you’re not sure how to proceed, consult your printer’s manual to learn more about these methods. Also, make sure your file is 150 dpi in resolution. In addition, you’ll need to save it in TIFF format. You can also use files saved in other formats as long as they’re in this color profile.
Hand block printing
Block printing is an ancient art form that uses wood blocks to create prints. They are generally made of sycamore, pear, or other wood. Wooden blocks should be about two to three inches thick and can range in size. The design itself is not carved, but the artist must be careful to create the correct proportions for the design. The blocks are then soaked in oil for about 10 days. This process is known as “woodblock printing”.
The hand-printed fabrics are unique and highly desirable, and the range is growing. Bold geometrics and contrasting chevrons, as well as stylised florals and animal prints, can make the perfect choice for a modern country style. Children’s bedrooms can be made with hand block fabrics in contemporary colourways for a youthful, fashionable vibe. In addition to children’s bedding and curtains, hand block fabric is ideal for upholstered furnishings.
A block is a wooden block with small holes, which can release excess dye and air. It is soaked in oil for about 10-15 days before use. This softens the timber grains. Colors are mixed separately in a separate room and kept on a tray for the printer to drag. Fabric is then stretched over printing tables and fastened with pins. First, the artisan prints an outline of the design. This step is usually performed by the most experienced printer. It’s important to make sure that the outline is as accurate as possible.
The technique has evolved for centuries and is renowned across India. In addition to motifs, hand block printing is a complex process that requires skilled artisans to produce beautiful and intricate patterns. The motifs and designs used for block prints are highly influenced by Indian art and culture. Although there are modern alterations and innovations, the traditional designs continue to be the most popular. Hand block printing is an ancient art form that is used extensively in the fashion and interior design industries.
The technique is a time-honored tradition that has endured for centuries. The process of block printing uses special wood tables that are about six meters long and fifty inches wide. Several layers of jute fabric, blanket, and a thick cotton sheet are placed on top of the table to aid in the printing process. After the blocks are laid out, the master block printer pours the dyes into the rolling dye tray. Then, the fabric is moved along the lines of the blocks to produce the design.
The process of dye sublimation on cotton fabric has a few drawbacks. First, it’s more expensive than other methods. While there are cheaper methods, the Sawgrass Company has monopoly on sublimation dyes in the USA. One 110ml cartridge costs US$130, and a four color sub dye refill costs US$520. This is roughly 5x more expensive than most other methods of dye sublimation. In addition to the high price, sublimation also requires the use of a polymer, which can increase the cost.
For dye sublimation on cotton fabric, the printed sheet is placed on a polymer-coated polyester fabric or cotton product. When the ink is heated to 425 degrees, it turns into a gas and binds with the fabric or coating’s fibers. Once bonded, the dye becomes part of the fabric. The dye sublimation process is accelerated by heating the printed sheet, which turns the dye into a gas. During this process, heat expands the spores of the polymer and fabric, allowing the dye to penetrate the fibers.
While dye sublimation on cotton fabric is a relatively straightforward process, it does have its challenges. The printed image will be less accurate if the design is not dyed. If you want to make a shirt with a sublimation print, you’ll need a high-quality fabric with a high polyester content. A 50/50 T-shirt, for example, has a 50/50 polyester and cotton blend composition.
Another disadvantage of dye sublimation on cotton fabric is the fact that cotton does not have a high percentage of polymer content. Cotton will temporarily transfer the dye onto the fabric, but will wash out quickly. For this reason, dye sublimation on cotton fabric is not recommended. If you want to use dye sublimation for your apparel project, you should consider other types of textiles. For instance, dye sublimation on polyester will not work on cotton.
However, sublimation on cotton fabric does have its advantages. Cotton garments are easy to work with, and look cool. Furthermore, cotton fabric feels airy and cool. Its airy feel makes it a popular choice for sublimation printing. Furthermore, cotton apparels will remain fresher and more durable than many other types of printed garments. It is also more affordable than other options. This is a more versatile option for sublimation than screen printing.
To use transfer printing, you need to prepare your artwork and design before you begin the process. You need to create a high-quality original file. Most transfer printing processes are based on Pantone colours. Your artwork should be in vector format or converted into strokes, and should be the size you want to print it. Avoid adding shades and gradients to your design. You can also use inkjet printer software to create your design.
Generally, transfer printing is a more flexible option for garment decoration. It can be used for various types of fabrics and offers high-quality results, but is not always appropriate for small-scale production. However, some effects are only possible with transfer, while other types of textiles cannot be printed with this technique. Unlike DTG, this process does not require a lot of skill and is cost-efficient for small orders. The rejection rate is also relatively low. Because the printing process is less complex, it can also be used for complicated designs.
Heat transfer printing is a simple technique that uses a special type of paper. This paper is available at craft stores or supermarkets. Once printed on the paper, you can iron the paper onto the fabric. This method is not permanent and will peel off after repeated washings. A professional can perform this type of fabric printing for larger production runs. This method, however, is not as effective as dye sublimation. It also leaves a shiny film on the fabric.
Aside from the low imprint quality, cool transfer printing is a more environmentally friendly way to print on cotton fabrics. This method uses less water, dye and energy than rotary screen printing. The process also produces high-quality prints while keeping the cotton’s soft hand-feel. Lastly, it can print on both sides of a fabric in one pass. Once the imprint is done, it can be stitched over to hide the edges.
Aside from digital printing, another popular method is sublimation printing. Sublimation printing embeds ink into the fabric. Heat is applied to the fabric and the ink turns to a solid, so the printing does not add any additional layer to the cotton fabric. Digital printing, on the other hand, does not require any extra layers, and the process is much simpler. It is a good option for small-scale production and single garment orders.
Choosing between digital printing on cotton fabric and screen printing depends on the type of print you want. Screen printing can be costly and requires large minimum orders. Digital printing is a much more cost-effective option and allows fabric companies to be more flexible with reprinting orders. The printing process allows for pantone colour matching, which means you can print almost any image on the same garment. Afterward, the print is sealed by applying a heat press to the garment.
Another benefit to digital printing on cotton fabric is better inventory control. Many companies now use high-speed digital printing machines to create printed textiles. The quality of the print is superior. Digital fabric printing is also environmentally friendly, requiring no solvents or washing processes. Because it is so versatile, digital printing on cotton fabric can be used to print on a wide variety of products, including quilting fabrics and apparel. Several other companies have taken the plunge and invested in high-speed digital printing plants.
Digital printing on cotton fabric is a great option for small-scale designs on garments. The process is now more affordable than ever, and it is not necessary to spend a fortune to get samples. Moreover, there are a number of other benefits of digital printing on cotton. In addition to achieving great color retention, cotton fabric is also soft and comfortable. This makes it a popular choice for garment printing. You can design your own clothes, create apparel for your children, or even create unique home decor with cotton.
While dye-sublimation techniques are more expensive, they are much more versatile. Cotton-based fabrics, for example, can be printed with reactive inks. The problem with reactive dyes is that the inks used for printing on them will cause variations in the whiteness of the print. These variations will impact the repeatability and attractiveness of the print. These are only a few of the advantages of digital printing on cotton fabric.