How to trade in Nifty? Mastering the Nifty Trading

If you have a trading account and if you are actively trading, you might have heard of the term Nifty50. It refers to the Nifty index that lists the top 50 companies of India based on their performances. 

While many traders trade in individual stocks, there are those that trade in Nifty, which is a collective index listing top 50 companies in the exchange. 

How does Nifty trading work?

Before discussing the intricacies of trading in Nifty, let’s learn how to trade in bank nifty. Trading in the Nifty essentially means purchase/sale of futures and options contracts offered on the Nifty 50 index. Here is how it works.

1. Open a Trading Account

The first step of course, would be to get a trading account with a stock broker that facilitates trading in futures and options.

2. Research and Analysis

A thorough research on the factors influencing the NIfty is essential to start trading in it. Keeping up with the news, looking out for economic indicators, corporate earnings and global events can help a lot. Even an understanding of investment avenues such as IPOs and IPO allotment process can help.

3. Understand Nifty Futures and Options

Futures and options contracts are the popular form of Nifty trading and one should be familiar with these contracts. Futures imply a mandatory purchase/sell on a specified future date, whereas options, as the name suggests, imply a privilege to choose whether the trader wants to use the option or let it expire. 

4. Place Your Trades

Based on the research and analysis, place orders on options and or futures through your brokerage account. The strike price, expiry date and contract size are important details to be noted. 

5. Manage Your Positions

Monitoring the trends and exercising stop-loss orders are key parts of the trading process. It is important to adjust your position if and when the market moves in an unfavorable direction. 

6. Close Your Positions

When it’s time to exit the position, exercise your contracts as appropriate and close your position. 

7. Review and Learn

Learning from our experiences is an integral aspect of any activity and here too, it is important to analyze our closed trades to draw insights from them. This helps in getting a better idea of what works and what doesn’t. 

Other ways to trade in NIFTY

Although futures and options contracts are the popular ways to trade in Nifty, there are other ways to trade as well. One can put their money in index funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Let’s discuss how that works.

1. Mutual Funds

Mutual fund managers sometimes invest in a portfolio of assets that closely resemble an index and these funds are termed as index funds. Investors can buy units of this fund instead of directly trading in the index, to reduce the risk associated with it. 

2. Exchange-Traded Funds, ETFs

Some funds trade in the stock market like individual stocks, and these can be purchased and sold by traders as they usually transact in stocks. Investors can purchase index funds which are exchange-traded. 

Trading in Bank NIFTY

Traders often invest money in the bank Nifty, just like they trade in the Nifty. Bank Nifty consists of the top banking stocks in the exchange. Learning how to trade bank Nifty is simple to those who know how to trade Nifty. The process is very similar, except that this is a separate asset class named Bank Nifty. 


Trading in the Nifty offers a convenient and diversified way to invest in stocks. This also gives exposure to the Indian stock market’s performance without having to directly trade in the individual stocks. While this might seem a little risky considering that the Nifty is a list of top stocks, caution has to be exercised nonetheless. Like any investment, one should do sufficient research and analysis in buying and selling these assets.