Botox (the trade name of botulinum toxin type A) has been around since the late 1980s when the FDA supported it to treat severe problems of facial spasms and wrinkles associated with undisciplined eye blinking or frowning. This reduces the appearance of facial wrinkles by relaxing facial muscles and stopping them from creating depressions in the skin that appear as lines when you frown or make other facial expressions. The U.S approved Botox Cosmetic.
So in this article, we will learn what is Botox exactly? Discover more about this popular wrinkle muscle relaxer here!
What is Botox?
Medical practitioners prefer this type of toxin both for medical and cosmetic purposes. It uses botulinum toxin type A, specifically OnabotulinumtoxinA, to paralyze muscle temporarily. This declines the appearance of facial wrinkles. Botox Cosmetic is only for temporary advancement in a patient’s appearance and does not treat the underlying cause of symptoms (e.g., hyperhidrosis). Get advice from your physician for additional diagnosis and therapy prospects as required.
FDA also approved uses include:
- Correcting a crooked smile (frown/smile line combination).
- Excessive underarm sweating (axillary hyperhidrosis).
- Droopy eyelids (blepharospasm).
- Reducing eye strain in patients with certain eye conditions.
How does it work?
Botox Cosmetic uses botulinum toxin type A. OnabotulinumtoxinA specifically, a synthetic version of botulinum toxin. Botulinum toxin blocks nerve impulses that cause muscles to contract. When injected into facial muscles, it stops muscle movement and temporarily reduces facial wrinkles.
In order for any muscle to contract, the nerves release a chemical messenger called acetylcholine at the junction where nerve endings meet muscle cells. Acetylcholine attaches to receptors on the muscle cells and causes the cells to contract, or shorten.
How Is Botox Utilized in Cosmetics?
The injection of Botox Cosmetic relaxes wrinkled muscles. It utilizes botulinum toxin type A, specifically OnabotulinumtoxinA, to paralyze muscle temporarily. This lowers the formation of facial wrinkles. Injections administered over several days or weeks will not have any long-term effect. Depending on your dosage, its effects may last between three and six months. The doctor would test muscles with his fingers before administering Botox as some people are allergic to it, and there could be side effects if used. Botox injections prevent the release of acetylcholine, which stops the muscle cells from contracting. In this way, the toxin helps the muscles to become less stiff.
Healthcare professionals also use Botox to treat a variety of medical conditions, most of which affect the neuromuscular system.
The FDA have approved Botox for the following uses. Unless otherwise specified, the approval is for use in people 18 or older:
- upper limb spasticity, in anyone older than 2 years
- crossed eyes, or strabismus, in those older than 12 years
- severe underarm sweating, or hyperhidrosis
- preventing migraine in people whose migraine headaches last at least 4 hours on 15 or more days per month
- reducing symptoms of an overactive bladder due to a neurological condition if anticholinergic medications do not help
- eyelid spasms, or blepharospasm, due to dystonia
- a neurological movement disorder called cervical dystonia that affects the head and causes neck pain
Clinicians use Botulinum toxin by diluting the powder in saline and injecting it directly into neuromuscular tissue.
It takes 24–72 hours Trusted Source for the toxin to take effect. Rarely, it can take as long as 5 days for the full effects to show. They may last 3–12 months, depending on the treatment.
People should avoid using Botox during pregnancy or breastfeeding, or if they have ever had an allergic reaction to the drug or any of its ingredients.
Risks and side effects
People generally tolerate Botox injections well, and side effects are uncommon.
However, depending on the reason for the injections and the person’s response, Botulinum toxin can cause some unwanted effects, including:
- dry eye, following cosmetic uses
- an upset stomach
- mild pain, swelling, or bruising around the injection site
- a headache
- temporary eyelid drooping
- temporary unwanted weakness or paralysis in nearby muscles
- urinary problems after treatment for urinary incontinence
- a worsening of neuromuscular disorders
- spatial disorientation or double vision after treatment for strabismus
- corneal ulceration after treatment for blepharitis
- cardiovascular events, such as arrhythmia and myocardial infarction
What are the Advantages of Botox?
Here are some advantages of botox are as follows :
- Safe for your Skin
- Helps reducing wrinkles and skin redness
- No major side effects
- Leaves you with a spotless skin
If you are looking for a quick and effective botox treatment, reach out to MDs @ Queensway Medical. They specialize in providing different kinds of skin treatment and solutions. Their professionalism combined with their expertise in the field will fulfill your dream of having healthy and glowing skin.
To know more about their treatments, you can also book an online consultation with them free of cost. Physicians at Queensway Medical take into account different factors like your skin type, skin issues, and other health problems to suggest you a suitable skin treatment. With their skin analyses, you can understand your skin better and get the desired results. Good luck!
Botox (the trade name of botulinum toxin type A) has been around since the late 1980s when the FDA supported it to treat severe problems of facial spasms and wrinkles associated with undisciplined eye blinking or frowning.